What is piles?

Piles is another term for hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are collections of inflamed tissue in the anal canal. They contain blood vessels, support tissue, muscle, and elastic fibers.

Piles are inflamed and swollen collections of tissue in the anal area.

They can have a range of sizes, and they may be internal or external.

Internal piles are normally located between 2 and 4 centimeters (cm) above the opening of the anus, and they are the more common type. External piles occur on the outside edge of the anus.

Effects they might have on the body.

Fast facts on piles:Here are some key points about piles. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.

-Piles are collections of tissue and vein that become inflamed and swollen.

-The size of piles can vary, and they are found inside or outside the anus.

-Piles occur due to chronic constipation, chronic diarrhea, lifting heavy weights, pregnancy, or straining when passing a stool.

-A doctor can usually diagnose piles on examination.

Causes of piles

Piles develop when the veins in your anal canal become swollen, which may happen for a number of reasons, such as:

-if you strain when you go to the toilet, for example if you have constipation or long-lasting diarrhoea

-getting older – your anal canal weakens with age, which makes piles more likely

-having a persistent cough

-lifting heavy objects

Piles are also common during pregnancy. They may develop due to changes in your hormones and the higher pressure in your tummy (abdomen) when you’re pregnant. They usually get better after you give birth.

Some people wonder if there’s a link between stress and piles, but there’s no evidence to suggest stress causes piles. Having piles and having symptoms, though, can be potentially stressful for some people.

Another popular question is whether you’re more likely to get piles around the time of your period. There’s currently no evidence to support this, so there’s no reason to think that you’ll get piles during your period.

Piles rarely cause any serious problems but sometimes they can lead to the following.

-External piles (swellings that develop further down your anal canal, closer to your anus) can become inflamed and swollen; ulcers can also form on them.

-Skin tags can form when the inside of a pile shrinks back but the skin remains. For more information, see our FAQ: Skin tags, below.

-If mucus leaks from your anus, it can make the surrounding skin very sore.

-Internal piles that prolapse (hang down) can sometimes get strangulated and lose their blood supply. If a blood clot forms (thrombosis), piles can be very painful. External piles can also become thrombosed.

Treatment consists of diet modifications and laxatives

A high-fibre diet can be effective, along with stool softeners. In some cases, a medical procedure to remove the haemorrhoid may be needed to provide relief.

Medications
Steroid, Anaesthetic, and Dietary supplement

Medical procedure
Cauterization, Rubber band ligation, Freezing, Sclerotherapy, and Stapled hemorrhoidopexy